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History of Calimesa, California
The City of Calimesa was incorporated on December 1, 1990, soon after the incorporation of its northern neighbor, the City of Yucaipa. Prior to its incorporation, the City of Calimesa existed as an unincorporated census designated town that straddled the Riverside–San Bernardino County line at the location where Interstate 10 climbs the San Gorgonio Pass going eastward from Redlands, California

Calimesa City Limits
Historically, Calimesa is divided from the City of Yucaipa by the Wildwood Canyon Wash; politically, "County Line Road" divides the two towns. Much of what was originally known as "Calimesa" actually lies within the city boundaries of Yucaipa, including "I-Street" (Calimesa) Park and Calimesa Elementary School. Because State of California law prohibits the incorporation or annexation of cities over county lines, the city was unable to adjoin what was considered the town of Calimesa when it finally incorporated. When Yucaipa incorporated, it included the area outside of the Yucaipa Valley on the "hilltop" or "mesa" that was traditionally known as Calimesa within its city boundaries, so as not to leave a gap of unincorporated area between the two towns. Although the two cities are in separate counties, both Yucaipa and Calimesa share the same basic street grid system and addressing, including many named and alphabetical streets which extend from Yucaipa well into Calimesa. The general boundary between the two cities is County Line Road, which ironically does not follow the exact county line in some places due to the alignment of Calimesa Creek, which meanders in and out of both Yucaipa and Calimesa.
The city limits of Calimesa also extend southwest to the City of Beaumont, California. Although much less refined, the boundaries between Beaumont and Calimesa fall generally along the Southern California Edison (SCE) right-of-way that extends from the El Casco electrical sub-station facility near Moreno Valley, California eastward. Near Interstate 10, Champions Drive is the common boundary between the two cities.

Historically, Calimesa began as a small rural town with mostly single-family homes and ranches. With completion of  U.S.Route 99 (modern day I-10 freeway), businesses opened and Calimesa began to feel a separate identity from the larger neighboring town of Yucaipa. In June 1929 nearly 100 residents attended a meeting and decided to apply for their own post office and to state a “name contest” in which the winner was paid $10. Calimesa was chosen from 107 names submitted; and is said to come from “cali” (meaning California) and “mesa” from the Spanish word meaning “table" or table-lands.” The first post office was the grocery store at Calimesa Boulevard and Avenue "K".
The modern history of the area was initiated with the establishment of Spanish Missions in Alta California in 1769. The need for a land route to these missions inspired Captain Juan Bautista de Anza to lead a party through the area in 1774. As early as 1820, reference can be found to the messenger foot path for the missions in Arizona to the San Gabriel Mission.
The Assistencia in Redlands (which has been rebuilt) and the San Gorgonio Rancheria were part of the San Gabriel Mission located near today’s Los Angeles. The San Gorgonio Rancheria was located in what is now Cherry Valley near Edgar Canyon. The site of San Gorgonio Rancheria, the location of the present Highland Springs Resort, Whitewater, and a house at the east end of present day Singleton Road in Calimesa became stage stops along this path.
The post office reinforced the residents' feeling of a community separate from the town of Yucaipa. In 1939 or 1940, the Calimesa Improvement Association, Inc. was formed. According to the constitution of the association, “The object and purpose of the association shall be the development and improvement of Calimesa and The Community”. Volunteers built a community center at the corner of Bryant and Avenue H, which had been designated a park site by the Redlands-Yucaipa Land Company. The "South Mesa Water Company" purchased the land for a well site and allowed the association to use it for community events.
In 1962 the Calimesa Improvement Association became the Calimesa Chamber of Commerce. The Improvement Association and the Chamber have operated as a mix of promoting Calimesa, providing community service, and being a sounding board for residents’ problems. Prior to 1949 the fire protection for the valley was provided by the California Department of Forestry at the Avenue A station, which today is the office of County Service Area 63 in Yucaipa. Calimesa community members felt the need for more protection on the south side of the wash, so in 1949 they formed the Volunteer Fire Department.


Calimesa, City of the Rose
In 2009, a discussion was held about Calimesa being the only city in Riverside County not having a flower of its own. Walt Pyle, one of Calimesa’s premiere citizens came to the Chamber of Commerce to see what could be done about Calimesa getting a designated special flower. The Chamber, then headed by Nanette Peykani agreed to have an open discussion with the Citizens and then present the nominated flowers to the City Council. There were all kinds of suggestions about different flowers including multi wild flowers because of our rural area.  At the City Council meeting held in February of 2010, the Chamber presented the request for an official flower for Calimesa and several suggestions were made by the Council and citizens as well. Walt Pyle with the support of the Chamber suggested the rose. The discussion was held over until the next Council meeting to give other citizens a chance to voice their opinion.At the next Council meeting March 15, 2010 a committee headed by Walt Pyle suggested the rose because as you drive down the streets in Calimesa, almost every yard has some roses and it appears that our residents love roses and the flower loves the city because it grows very well in our climate. Walt had taken many photos of homes in Calimesa to show to the Council as well as bringing several large bouquets of roses to the Council chamber. After making his verbal presentation on why we should choose the rose, Walt and his committee presented a couple of roses to each Council member.  The result was Calimesa is now the City of the Rose and Resolution No. 2010-08 was passed, approved and adopted by unanimous vote of the City Council.Shortly after the Resolution was passed one of our Calimesa Chamber board members suggested that he would like to write a song to go along with our new City flower.  The result of that effort is now a sing along type song called “Calimesa, Friendliness that Grows, The City of the Rose” written and performed by Dan Damon. The Community Services Commission in a presentation to the City Council on February 2, 2011 suggesting the name for the new Calimesa 4th Street Community Park, also suggested that there be a rose garden in the new Park named the “Walt Pyle Rose Garden” in recognition of the dedication to the City by Walt Pyle.  This was also passed by city Resolution.


The previous decade saw several planned communities approved for development within the city, including the JP Ranch Development (approximately 375 homes), Calimesa Springs Development (approximately 270 homes), Summerwind Ranch at Oak Valley (5,000 homes + 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of commercial space), and Mesa Verde (3,800 homes approximately, and 20 acres of commercial space). The amount of approved units currently outnumbers the total population within the city. However, development of these large tracts have been slow to move forward until the demand increases. 

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